Brief explanation of Hadith: Unless you see blatant Kufr

Ubadah ibn Al-Samit, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

عن أبي الوليد عبادة بن الصامت رضي الله عنه قال: “بايعنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم على السمع والطاعة في العسر واليسر والمنشط والمكره، وعلى أثرةٍ علينا، وعلى أن لا ننازع الأمر أهله إلا أن تروا كفرًا بواحًا عندكم من الله تعالى فيه برهان..” متفق عليه

“We gave the pledge of allegiance to hear and obey at our times of vigor or unwillingness, our times of ease or difficulty, and to give preference over ourselves and that we should not dispute the authority over matters with those charged to lead them and he [the Prophet peace be upon him] said: ‘Unless you see blatant Kufr for which you have a proof from Allah.” [Agreed upon]


Sheikh Abdullah Ibn Jibreen, may Allah be pleased with him, explained this hadith saying:

“It is known that Al-Kufr Al-bawaah (manifest, clear kufr) is an open, outward matter, such as when (the ruler) abolishes the teachings of Islam, or we see him for example, destroying mosques, or he fights the people of the mosques (i.e. those who frequent them), or he abolishes the (Shari’ah) law courts, or he abolishes the religious lessons, for example, or we see him burning the copies of the Qur’an, or that he orders for them to be burnt, and he promotes, assists the books of misguidance, the books of the Christians, and whatever resembles them, and he spreads them and makes reading them to be binding, or we see him erecting those things that are worshipped besides Allah, such as idols and the likes. This is considered manifest, clear kufr.”

[“Sharh Lum’uat il-I’tiqaad, No. 7, Tasjeelaat at-Taqwaa, Riyaadh.”]


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